Hydroponics is a soilless growing method that suspends roots in nutrient water to achieve faster and cleaner growth without the mess of traditional soil-based gardening. Using Aerators, misters or 1/4 inch space between the plant and the roots (as in the no-airstone Kratky Hydroponics method), plants typically grow faster with less root growth due to the readily available water and nutrients available in Hydroponics. Compared to soil-based gardening, as nutrients are added to the water of hydroponic grow systems to maintain a healthier growth rate, plant produce is significantly enhanced and takes up in much smaller growing space than traditional soil-based gardening.
Another advantage to Hydroponics over traditional soil methods is the adaptability of Hydroponics to any given grow space. Utilizing vertical grow tower units, grow shelving units, or fish-tank aquaponic grow top trays, one can easily adapt a Hydroponics grow system to fit any given container or grow space.
We hope you will enjoy the following videos as we discuss simple Hydroponics grow systems that we have developed and utilized in our own home-based Hydroponic Gardens, and we also provide tips for what vegetables grow best in what type of system. Here we feature both an Ebb and Flow Garden Grow tower (where the water cycles in and out of the grow trays on a timer), a Deep Water Culture system (with roots suspended directly into the aerated nutrient water), as well as simple airstone-free Kratky grow trays which require nothing but nutrient water and lights to grow the small lettuce and herb plants to full-term.
PH is the measurement of Acidity to Alkalinity on a logarithmic scale from 0-14. A PH reading of 7.0 is considered neutral, whereas a PH of 6.0 is 10 times more acidic than 7.0, and a PH reading of 8.0 is 10 times more alkaline than a reading of 7.0 PH. Temperatures and the amount of hydroponic nutrients in a solution affect PH readings in the water reserve. Thus, it is recommended that if you are going to test the PH of your solution, you do it after you add nutrients and not necessarily before as the nutrient content in a reserve directly affects PH. Algae build-up in a reserve can cause PH to go up during the day as it consumes acidic compounds like carbon dioxide. Higher levels of phosphorus and nitrogen decrease PH while higher concentrations of calcium and potassium in a nutrient reserve drives PH up. When the PH level rises above 7.5, it can lead to iron deficiency in plants as the alkalinity of a high PH can block the ability of the plants to absorb iron.Read more
Microgreens are baby vegetables that are approximately 1 to 3 inches tall. They are often grown from a variety of seeds and provide a dense nutrient content that is greater than full grown vegetables because the vitamins and minerals within them are concentrated in these baby plants. While Microgreens are similar to Sprouts, they differ from Sprouts because they are harvested 7 to 21 days after germination whereas Sprouts are usually harvested between 2 to 7 days with both their stems and roots which are considered edible before the true leaves appear.Read more
Tomato burn in Hydroponics occurs when your nutrient TDS is too high. It results in brown spots developing on Tomato Leaves, highlighted with curled tomato leaves. The sooner you recognize the signs of nutrient burn on your plants, the sooner you can respond by quickly changing your nutrient solution, or diluting it 50% or more. To help plants recover quickly from nutrient, it is best to let them recover in pure water for a few days or a light nutrient water-base for a couple of weeks. Aquaponics can also be a good way to nurse your burned tomatoes back to good health. Learn more about Fixing Hydroponic problems here.Read more
With a national health crisis like the Coronavirus pandemic we are fighting right now, being able to provide your own food without the risk of grocery store contamination can make the difference between life and death. This video provides tips for fighting Coronavirus through home grown Hydroponic vegetables.Read more
Container gardening is a good way to grow tomatoes in a compact space, like on a porch or in a greenhouse, but one difficult task with growing tomatoes using the standard soil-based grow method is maintaining the proper water level for tomatoes as each mature plant can go through a gallon of water per day. This is where utilizing a Deep Water Culture Hydroponic grow system with your container tomatoes can make all the difference in maximizing the yield you receive off of each tomato plant. Not only can you more easily control the moisture levels in your Hydroponic grow system through the Deep Water Culture (DWC) method, but since the roots of your plants are suspended in an aerated nutrient reserve, you can more easily control the oxygen and nutrients supplied to your plants as well.Read more
Designing a Cloning or Rooting Station for your Tomatoes and other plants is easily done with with ParkSeed's Bio Dome tray and a few other supplies from your local Hydroponics shop and Hardware Store. In this video, I show you how easy it is to multiply your garden plants through cloning stems in Hydroponics.Read more
Deep Water Culture (DWC) Hydroponics is a method of growing plants in an aerated nutrient water reserve. In this video, we show you a simple DIY method to turn a coffee pot into a small DWC Hydroponic reserve to start your plants. We also demonstrate how easy it is to transplant a small soil-based potted tomato plant into the DIY coffee pot Hydroponic system you can use to start your Hydroponic tomato plants indoors in the springtime for later planting into a larger DWC bucket system outdoors.Read more
Beans can be difficult to germinate in Aquaponics if overnight temperatures in the greenhouse are not able to be held between 70 and 80 degrees. We found that if we use a Parkseed 40-Cell Bio Dome Seed Starter Unit and fill it with 1-inch Hydroponic grow cubes, water and a heat mat, the sprout rate for our Bush Snap Beans increased from 30% to 90% in just 7 days. Now we use these Bio Domes to germinate all of our Hydroponic warm season plants.Read more
Lettuce is one of the easiest crops to grow in an indoor Hydroponic grow shelving unit. If you properly space your lettuce, ensuring it has the proper light and nutrients to thrive, you can grow beautiful heads of lettuce in nearly any indoor environment.Read more
If you can avoid these 5 mistakes beginning hydroponic gardeners make, your hydroponic setups will be more efficient and yield more produce. Hydroponic Mistakes can increase your frustration in gardening and hinder your produce in the long run. Start your grow system with these tips and you'll be able to maximize your efforts in growing your Hydroponic garden.Read more
It is easy to harvest spinach leaves in Hydroponics. If you plan to use the leaves immediately in a salad, you can snip the leaves off the stalk and rinse them prior to placing them in a salad. If you plan to store the leaves for later use, it is best to keep the stalk on the leaves and bundle them together.Read more
A sign of nutrient imbalance in your Hydroponic Grow System is when the leaves on your plants begin to turn yellow. Because Hydroponic plants are completely dependent upon the nutrients you supply, it is important to recognize the signs of nutrient deficiency quickly so that you can correct it before too much irreparable damage is done to your plants.Read more
If you are looking for a way to increase the seed germination and plant coverage that you have within your hydroponic grow trays, you can try double seeding the hydroponic rockwool cubes in your grow system. While this can be a good way to decrease the number of grow spots in your system that do not have plants, one problem that occurs is when you have two or more plants sprout within the same grow cube. While most gardeners advise people to snip off the excess plants, I learned a way to save them. View this video where you can learn how to split out your duplicate seedlings to be able to plant them in another Netpot grow spot in your hydroponic trays.Read more
Whether you're living off-grid, or simply looking for an easy way to grow vegetables in your home, garage or greenhouse, this Solar Powered Hydroponic Grow Box is versatile enough to power off of a solar panel or plug into wall electricity. As a portable grow box, it is able to fit in any small space that is at least 25 in x 19 in x 22 in. As the heat generated by the grow lights maintains the grow box at 10 to 20 degrees above outside temperature, it is perfect for sprouting seedlings, growing lettuce and other small herbs in early spring or late fall.Read more
Are you interested in Hydroponics but are not sure you have the space to grow a garden? Watch how you can convert an old peanut butter jar into a small garden planter for lettuce or other small herbs.Read more
This video demonstrates our simple 30-inch wide DIY Grow tray shelving unit and how we manage lettuce growth within the unit to maximize space and light. To create your own unit, use 75-watt Equivalent Daylight Spectrum LED Bulbs for the lighting, 10-Gallon Sterilite Stacker Totes (Modular Stacker line), 3-Inch Widlip Netpots, Hydroton Clay Pellets Grow Medium and 1-Inch Rockwool Cubes.Read more
Deep Water Culture is a method of growing plants by the root of the plants being suspended in aerated, nutrient enhanced water. The advantage of the Deep Water Culture growing method over the traditional soil method is the fact that the root of the plants do not have to grow as large as they would in standard soil grow systems and can therefore grow in much smaller containers because the roots of the plants do not have to travel to find water.Read more